Indexes are unmanaged and cannot be invested in directly.
Nothing contained in this material is intended to constitute legal, tax, securities, or investment advice, nor an opinion regarding the appropriateness of any investment, nor a solicitation of any type. The general information contained in this publication should not be acted upon without obtaining specific legal, tax, and investment advice from a licensed professional.
The returns provided for each Russell Index include data for periods prior to when each Russell Index was in live production. Historical returns for these Russell Indexes prior to the live production date are calculated using the same Russell methodology; however, application to the performance calculation may vary due to data sources, corporate actions and the availability of historical data with respect to certain securities. Please contact the Russell Index Client Service Team for further detail.
The index level information provided above may not be used for the purpose of issuing any financial product and any such use is strictly prohibited.
Net Index returns are created by applying taxes to dividend payments and vary according to a company's country of incorporation within the index. The tax rate applied is the rate applied to non-resident institutions that do not benefit from taxation treaties. Tax rates are reviewed quarterly and may be different from the current actual amount. Russell uses Exchange Data International (Globe Tax) to determine country tax rates.
Russell Investments is the owner of the trademarks, service marks, and copyrights related to its respective indexes.
Russell Investments and Research Affiliates LLC have entered into a strategic alliance with respect to the Russell Fundamental Indexes. Subject to Research Affiliate's intellectual property rights in certain content, Russell Investments is the owner of all copyrights related to the Russell Fundamental Indexes. Russell Investments and Research Affiliate jointly own all trademark and service mark rights in and to the Russell Fundamental Indexes. Research Affiliates is the owner of the trademarks, service marks, patents and copyrights related to the Fundamental Index and the Fundamental Index methodology.
Russell Investments and Axioma, Inc. have entered into a strategic alliance with respect to the Russell-Axioma Factor Indexes. Russell and Axioma are the source and joint owners of the trademarks, service marks and copyrights related to the Russell-Axioma Factor Indexes. Russell is a trademark of Russell Investments. Axioma is the owner of Axioma trademarks, service marks and copyrights related to Axioma's optimization solutions.
The Russell Geographic Exposure Indexes are based on the geographic exposure screening data provided by Revere Data, LLC.
The Russell High Efficiency Indexes make use of Westpeak Global Advisors, LLC's patented "ActiveBeta"® portfolio construction techniques (Methods and Systems for Building and Managing Portfolios based on Ordinal Ranks of Securities (U.S. Patent Numbers 8,285,620 and 8,473,298)).
Russell is a registered trademark of Russell Investments and IdealRatings is a trademark of IdealRatings,Inc. Russell Investments is the source and owner of all copyrights related to the Russell-IdealRatings Islamic Indexes.
Russell Investments and The Nomura Securities Co., Ltd. are the source and joint owners of the trademarks, service marks and copyrights related to the Russell/Nomura Indexes.
The Barclays-Russell LDI Index Series, calculated by Barclays Capital Inc. ("Barclays") and the Frank Russell Company ("Russell"), provides the liability driven investment methodology implemented in the selection criteria of the Barclays-Russell LDI Index Series without regard to any person. All rights in the Barclays-Russell LDI Index Series vest in Barclays and Russell. Any funds, products or other securities or investment vehicles using or based on the Barclays-Russell LDI Index Series are not sponsored, endorsed, or promoted by Barclays or Russell. NEITHER BARCLAYS NOR RUSSELL NOR THEIR AFFILIATES NOR THEIR LICENSORS SHALL BE LIABLE (INCLUDING IN NEGLIGENCE) FOR ANY LOSS ARISING OUT OF USE OF OR RELIANCE ON THE BARCLAYS-RUSSELL LDI INDEX SERIES BY ANY PERSON.